Giant Museum Online – Gallerix.

Giant Museum Online – Gallerix.

Paintings by great artists, paintings by old masters from the best museums in the world. Better to see once!

The Greek police returned the stolen paintings of Picasso and Mondrian.

Virtual Museum of Painting. Paintings by famous artists.

All our impressions, fantasies, seen architectural landscapes, objects, landscapes wonderfully find their reflection in the creative works of great masters and famous artists. We can say that any gallery of paintings saturates the viewer with the mysterious color of high art and the unique shades of the inner world of their creator..

Decoration painting, oil painting, watercolor painting, pencil painting, monumental and decorative painting, icon painting, panorama, miniature, diorama – among such a variety, everyone finds a part of the world around him, character and mood that is close to him. But, despite this, the stages of creating the next reproduction of paintings by famous artists are still shrouded in a mysterious haze. Perhaps this is what allows the viewer to delightfully enjoy the rich palette, unusual shapes and majestic depth of the entire plot of the work every time..

Being a faithful admirer of the work of any artist, as for the first time, you also follow with admiration how new images and tireless streams of paint appear on the surface of the canvas. The artist seems to breathe life into them, and they playfully lie on the canvas of a new work, sometimes spreading

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widely and freely, and sometimes – splashing out and smoothly lying in layers. Each smear of reproduction of famous paintings creates a new element.

It can be the daring and indefatigable character of the Storm off the coast of Nice by Ivan Aivazovsky or the soft and warm tones of the Swiss landscape with the horses of Alexei Savrasov.

Interestingly, any reproductions of paintings by the same master open up new facets of his talent. The only difference is where the artist draws inspiration from and thanks to which he creates unique variations of the antique, medieval or abstract direction. The painters skillfully combine in their works the pages of the mysterious past and the unexpected present.

Perhaps that is why the gallery of paintings gives a spiritual, romantic beginning, addressed to the images of past years of figurative or traditional art..

This is where the eternal creative search for talented authors, both past years and today, is noticeable. And what is very pleasing, to be imbued with their spirit and mood, to be transported to the Tretyakov Gallery, the Hermitage or the Russian Museum today is quite simple – you just need to download paintings by famous artists and enjoy their realism, the flavor of high art. And it, like many years ago, never ceases to amaze true connoisseurs of painting.

Many artists in their works refer to history, images of the past century. This makes the reproductions of paintings not only artistically valuable, but also intellectually interesting..

Admirers of past and modern pictorial forms also appreciate the “breath of life” in works of art. Each brushstroke, highlight, shade should maximally convey the rich realism of the entire plot. It is not for nothing that Leonardo da Vinci once said about painting as about poetry that one sees.

Take a look only at the rich painting of the famous artist Pierre Auguste Renoir “Bouquet of roses in a green vase”. From the first moment, it is as if you feel their inviting sweet aroma, the tenderness of each petal and the freshness of a playful dew drop. And in the works of the artist Anders Zorn, the sensuality and grace of any woman is amazingly manifested.

The author superbly conveyed the modern aesthetics of nude, filled with academic style and the noble dynamics of futurism.

Undoubtedly, such reproductions of paintings by artists allow viewers to take a fresh look at the familiar things depicted on the canvas. They not only delight with the incredible richness of colors and shades, but also convey the charm of the surrounding world, ordered by the hand of the master..

Gallerix.ru is a virtual museum where you will find paintings, paintings, reproductions of paintings by Russian and foreign artists, and collections of paintings from major museums. Here you can download pictures in high resolution and excellent quality, express yourself, and how much more lies ahead! Updating galleries, on average, once a week, visit more often!

Such a different painting.

Painting is an amazing phenomenon in its diversity. It traditionally stands out for easel, monumental and decorative painting, as well as the design of theatrical scenery and miniature.

The most common is easel painting. It is performed on an easel, which is a machine tool for the artist. Usually the material basis of a painting is a canvas stretched on a stretcher.

Wood, cardboard and paper are also used. The picture shows modern reality, historical events, plots conceived by the painter. For easel painting, there are no restrictions on the visual possibilities.

Here, rich color allows deep and accurate display of the uniqueness of reality..

A special, ideologically loaded option is monumental painting. It represents large-scale paintings that are created to decorate architectural objects. It should reflect notable processes and events that influenced social progress.

Such painting, due to its scale, presupposes special approaches and significant funds..

The interiors of the premises are decorated with decorative painting. It can act in the form of panels saturated with paints, giving the illusion of a visual change in the volume of the premises in the desired direction. Decorative painting organically unites the interior and decorates household items.

Painting in the theater has a specific character. It is intended for the production of scenery, the development of costumes for the stage and props. The theatrical artist is called upon to help accurately express the personal characteristics of the characters of the play, the era in which the action takes place.

This helps to reveal the essence of the stage performance. At the same time, it is supposed to take into account a large number of places from which spectators watch the performance, light and color possibilities. All this helps to adequately perceive the performance..

The painting of miniatures, which gained popularity in the Middle Ages, is used mainly in publishing. Since ancient times, books have been adorned with elaborate miniature illustrations. In the first half of the nineteenth century. small watercolor portraits were very popular.

They were distinguished by sophistication, grace and filigree writing..

Different types of painting also differ in the binder on the basis of which the paint is created. So, for oil painting, paint is used, in which the coloring pigment is ground on oils from plants. This paint is used mainly on canvas, as well as on cardboard, metal and wood surfaces. If the paint thickens, it is diluted with special thinners.

Tempera uses casein or egg based paint. It is dissolved with water and a hard surface is applied in the form of a liquid paste. Thanks to tempera, ancient wall paintings, many icons and unique patterns on household items have been preserved.

The use of tempera in paintings and graphic works, in artistic design, decoration of buildings and premises is relevant..

Also, fresco, wax painting and mosaics have a long-standing origin. With the help of the first, large interior compositions are created. She has an aesthetic appearance and excellent durability.

Wax paints are made on the basis of bleached wax. They are transferred with a hot special metal tool to a wooden surface or canvas. In mosaic painting, a work is created from small fragments of multicolored glass and stone. The elements of the mosaic are connected to the surface with the help of a cement compound and create interesting effects. Mosaic panels are widely used for interior decoration of public buildings and structures.

Painting on stained-glass windows has a certain resemblance to mosaics..

A variety of paintings, in which the artist expresses his creative intention, helps to see the beauty of the world in everyday life, to comprehend its perfection.

Stop a beautiful moment.

For more than one hundred years, this has been done with the help of painting – one of the most important types of fine art. Nothing, except painting, is capable of reflecting, with extraordinary depth and technical perfection, the reality that surrounds a person, rich in color, volume and material uniqueness. Reproduce the air illuminated by a sunbeam in the morning coolness of a pine forest.

Or show a dew drop on a blade of grass sparkling with all the colors of the rainbow.

The depth of the space surrounding a person, the amazing features of simple objects are manifested in artistic creation through the use of tools and techniques inherent only in painting. Through drawing, color and chiaroscuro, expressive strokes, competent compositional and textured solutions, the image of ordinary things acquire artistic value. This is the smoke of a speeding steam locomotive, and steppe dust raised by a herd of horses.

The viewer can feel himself both in a spaceship and on the deck of an old sailing ship. Masterfully written genre plots will help him feel the muslin tenderness of an aristocrat’s outfit and the rough texture of a beggar’s rags.

Dresden Gallery. Photo: IgorMiske | Unsplash.

Painting in an amazing way reveals the inner world of a person, the joy and grief of the heroes of the paintings, their irrepressible delight and despair. Many paintings showed heroism and self-sacrifice, courage and cowardice, meanness and betrayal in visual images..

With the help of a brush and paints, intangible ideas, deep historical processes, everyday plots, detailed images of various events can be expressed. The subject of painting was battle events and meetings of parliaments, monarchs and peasants, riots, carnivals and farewell to the last journey. The pictorial image reveals the spiritual wealth and emotional wretchedness, the customs and customs of different peoples, the rich world outlook of the painter’s contemporaries.

In this case, the viewer receives sensations similar to those that he could receive in reality..

The material basis of painting is its works, through which emotional and intellectual impact is carried out. Such a work must have a material medium or base in the form of canvas, paper, cardboard, wood. Many paintings are created on stone, metal, glass and concrete. Usually the base is covered with a primer on which the paint layer is applied.

Sometimes, for greater safety of work, the paint is covered with varnish, which creates a protective film..

Florentine splendor. Photo: JoshuaEarle | Unsplash.

However, the main mystery of painting is the transformation of various colors under the brush of a master into a whole artistic image. It is paints that can reveal the visual and emotional potential of painting, the peculiarities of the painter’s skill. The most popular paints for painting canvases are paints in which the coloring matter (pigment) is bound by vegetable oil. They are distinguished by strong color rendering and excellent light resistance. Artists value watercolors for their transparency, combined with brightness and lightness.

Today, paintings are also created using tempera, gouache, pastels and ink. There is painting with paints diluted with water, which is widely used in the creation of frescoes, wax painting and painting with ceramic and silicate paints. Synthetic paints, their color saturation and durability made it possible to bring painting from museum halls to city streets for all to see. Buildings and structures, means of transport and special structures became the carriers of such painting.

Paintings more and more saturate the life of a person. Painting becomes more accessible and democratic.

Painting genres.

With the historical development of painting, her works began to be divided into genres in accordance with the objects of the image and the theme of the paintings. There are up to fifty such genres today..

Some of them are associated with the image of a person. A genre called “nude” means showing the body of a person who is naked. It is close to the plots revealed in works of mythological and historical content. In works performed in the portrait genre, a person is depicted. Such an image can be individual or group in nature, as well as have a ceremonial appearance.

Among these genres, the genre of self-portrait stands out, where the author captures himself. Caricature can also be attributed to genres depicting people. Here, deliberate distortion and exaggeration of the proportions and features of a person’s face is allowed.

Various symbols and fantasies are used. All this is designed to focus on the criticized human shortcomings..

In the animalistic genre, animals are depicted, and in the works of the so-called hippic genre, the horse is the main character of the pictorial image..

There is a group of genres where historical events are displayed. Such works are distinguished by their versatility and realistic depiction of bygone days. And for the works of the genre, showing battle events, a large number of depicted persons participating in military campaigns and battles are characteristic.

Battle plots suggest their versatility. In some genres, there is a desire to convey to the viewer certain symbols, thoughts that seem important to people. Thus, paintings of the allegorical genre suggest hidden content in the pictorial material of these works. It should be deciphered by means of the people depicted in the picture, mythical heroes, fantastic creatures.

In genres depicting heroes of epics and myths, ideas are conveyed through appropriate plots. The religious genre involves the writing of icons and other works of sacred content.

Still life is considered a common genre object. Here, mainly fruits, vegetables, dishes, vases with flowers become the center of the image. A kind of still life is the genre “vanitas”.

In it, the central place is given to the skull, which symbolizes the temporality of earthly existence..

Landscape genres include images of nature, cities and towns. Landscape involves depicting pictures of nature, as well as views associated with the sea and cities. This includes the genre of Venetian origin, called veduta.

In fact, this is a precisely drawn city panorama, in which the architectural forms and proportions are unconditionally observed. The genre “capriccio” means an architectural landscape created by the artist’s imagination.

Genres that reflect everyday life include genres depicting human life, and pastoral. The first is characterized by ordinary simplicity in the depiction of elementary life plots. Pastoral, on the other hand, idealizes and decorates everyday life in the countryside by means of painting, presenting it in pastel colors.

The genre of the interior, which shows the interior design of housing and other premises, can be classified as household genres..

Krakow, Poland. Photo: BeataRatuszniak | Unsplash.

Sometimes painters use an art genre called trickery. It uses special techniques to obtain a visual illusion..

Genres in painting are not something frozen once and for all. They can connect, complement each other. Some may disappear over time, others will develop, reflecting life.

Mirror of Humanity.

Humanity remembers itself largely thanks to painting. These were at first primitive images of animals, scenes of hunting them. Then the human image appeared. A semblance of a composition takes shape. Pieces of ocher and coal served as paints.

The slave-owning period in the development of society enriched painting with its connection with architecture, new technical means. It was not uncommon for a primitive image of a person, unfolded narrative plots. Landscapes, images of household items, domestic animals and birds appeared.

Such an ancient painting had a decorative character, it had contour lines and color spots..

Visitors to the Louvre in front of a portrait of Mona Lisa Photo: JuanDiNella | Unsplash.

In the antique period, religious buildings, dwellings, tombs and other buildings were decorated with painting. The subject and plot variety of pictorial subjects has expanded. Chiaroscuro and various perspectives were deliberately applied.

Fresco and wax painting appeared. The Middle Ages were characterized by the predominance of religious painting. Used gouache, watercolor and adhesive paints. Temples were decorated with frescoes, wall paintings, mosaics and stained glass windows.

Icons created on boards covered with soil have become an indispensable attribute of churches. Paintings of that time were distinguished by contour clarity, color saturation, localization of color spots.

During the Renaissance, interest in paintings that reflected the ideas of humanism increased. Improving the technique of working with oil paints has significantly expanded the potential of painting. The unity of the depth of space, light and shadow effects and color diversity allowed reproducing the objects around a person and himself with a high degree of realism.

In the nude plots, the harmony of human relations was demonstrated. Multilayer oil painting began to prevail, which supplanted tempera..

The 17th-18th centuries became the time of the creation of national painting schools. Social aspects appeared in the paintings, real life was shown more realistically. The perfect skill of the painters allowed them to take up the depiction of human conflicts, their psychology. The genre variety of painting expanded.

Easel painting was of increasing importance. The technique of multilayer oil painting was improved. Painting techniques began to develop, aimed at creating works of a chamber nature using watercolors, pastels, and ink.

Various types of miniature portraits have become popular.

The mutual enrichment of the painting traditions of different countries has become one of the important features of 19th century painting. This helped create realistic landscape schools. Painting has become a means of demonstrating a negative attitude towards social reality. Among artists, approaches began to emerge that were divorced from real reality.

In contrast to them, picturesque romanticism arose, which professed an active life position. It was distinguished by its concreteness and persuasiveness, dynamism, contrast and colorful richness. The heroes of the paintings were progressive representatives of the public, workers and peasants.

More advanced factory-made paints began to be used in easel painting.

Pre-Raphaelites. Photo: ClemOnojeghuo | Unsplash.

The end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries was marked by contradictions, the struggle of different trends in painting. The personification of the artist’s vision of reality was more actively manifested, the color became richer and associated with the events and people displayed in the picture. In many works, the tragic events of that time were truthfully interpreted.

At the same time, the forms were sometimes exaggerated, mechanized and became decorative elements of the plot..

The twentieth century was marked by the development of trends in the artistic environment that negatively influenced painting. In some countries, it sometimes degrades, turning into a component of entertainment and advertising..

The artist and his work.

Today, an artist who is engaged in painting can work in a theater, in an industrial plant and in many other places. Often, eminent artists do not work for hire at all, but completely devote themselves exclusively to creativity. An important part of the painter’s creative process is the creation of the material basis for the work. After all, the artist often has to bear considerable expenses for renting a workshop, purchasing easels, paints, brushes and other tools for painting. Some painters inscribed in market relations are forced to engage in activities unusual for them, promoting their works, marketing.

An integral part of an artist’s life is his participation in exhibitions, competitions and other presentation events. Individual artists manage to find admirers of their talent, who finance the creative process. Since ancient times, it was customary for the powerful of this world to have their own painters. The goal of such people was to use art for the purpose of their own glorification, fixing important historical events, and forming a positive impression among descendants.

At the same time, artists who served such customers were able to create highly artistic works of various genres. It is thanks to their creative efforts that the modern viewer can get an idea of ​​the most important events of bygone days, feel the breath of bygone eras..

Professional work on the creation of works of art requires special knowledge, which is given by art educational institutions. Without such knowledge, regardless of the source of their acquisition, it is difficult for an artist to create a high-quality painting. After all, any stage of its creation requires special knowledge and skills.

While conceiving the plot of the picture, the artist must simultaneously think about the sources of information for filling it. Before embarking on the implementation of a creative idea on canvas or paper, he needs to familiarize himself with a huge amount of information for the most realistic and highly artistic reflection of what was conceived. The amount of such information largely depends on the genre in which the artist works.

For example, a battle painter will not be able to reliably realize the plot he had conceived without a clear idea of ​​weapons, uniforms, and military customs. Marinist will not be able to work away from the sea without knowing the basics of ship construction, the features of the sea climate. The portrait painter should know everything about the hero of the portrait image, including the manner of moving, dressing, looking and talking. Only in this way, having deeply studied his nature, the artist can get to work. Previously, he worked out the perspectives and composition of the picture, made various sketches and sketches.

All these preparatory activities allow you to start creating a preparatory drawing on the basis for a picture. The drawing serves as a framework for the future work, lays the foundation for the integrity of its visual system. Further work on the painting depends on the thoroughness of the drawing made in pencil, charcoal or chalk..

Before starting to work with paints, the artist must have a clear idea of ​​the color composition of his work, which creates coloristic integrity for him. It is realized with the help of colorful spots or strokes, which enhance the perception of the picture by the viewer. Only after completing the necessary preparatory procedures, applying and fixing the drawing, an experienced artist begins to work directly with paints.

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